Indian railway history
Indian railway is one of the largest and busiest Indian rail networks in the world. It transports over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily. The Indian Railways traverses the length and breath of the country that covers 63,327 kilometers extensively connecting 6,909 stations. Today, Indian Railways is an organized department owned the Government of India.
Earlier, the Indian railway system was first proposed in 1832 in Madras (now Chennai) but failed to deliver the goods. Later, the then Governor-General of Indian, lord Hardinge planned on the proposal from the commercial, military and political viewpoints.
The first Indian train was operational on December 22nd, 1851, which used specifically for the hauling of construction material in Roorkee. Afterward, on April 16th, 1853 the first passenger train between Bori Bunder in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Thane was inaugurated, covering a distance of 34 km. and then, the British government started giving impetus on setting up of railway by private investors.
Almost 85% of the Indian railways available today were laid before independence. With the improvement of the Indian economy, all railway production units produced in India only. Later, the entire railway reservation system was streamlined with computerization between 1987 and 1995.
Today, Indian Railways has 16 zones in all. Each zonal railway has certain number of divisions having a divisional headquarters headed by a General Manager each. The GM reports directly to the Railway Board. They are further sub-divided into sub divisions.
In recent years, Indian Railways has laid claim to a financial turnaround, with operating profits going up substantially. Credit for this achievement goes to the toil of the 1.4 million railway employees, who assert that to make significant improvements in the efficiency of the Indian Railways.
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